Fire Safety

Is Your Number Up?

Do you have a number on the front of your house? Can the number be seen easily from the street during the day and night? This is very important in case the driver of a fire truck or ambulance needs to find your house quickly. House numbers can be purchased at a low cost from a hardware store.

Facts About Fires

  • Real fires are fast. In a few minutes your whole house could be on fire.
  • Real fires are hot. Temperatures can be more than 600 degrees.
  • Real fires are dark. You won't be able to breathe and you can't see anything.
  • Real fires are dangerous. No matter how small. If you see a fire, get out and get help.

Home Fire Safety

  • Plan at least two escape routes from your home and two ways to get out of every room
  • Agree on an outside meeting place
  • Decide who will take charge of each child
  • Practice the escape routes during fire drills (Practice escapes at night. That's when most deadly fires occur.)
  • Show children who live in high-rise buildings the shortest route to a safe exit
  • Warn children not to use the elevator

In a Fire

  • Get out fast, seconds count. Phone for help from a neighbor's home, not from inside a burning building.
  • Cover your mouth and nose.
  • Crawl low under the smoke to the nearest exit.
  • Test the door. If it is hot or there is smoke, use another way out.
  • Once out, stay out. There's nothing more important in your home than you. If someone is missing, tell a firefighter.
  • Gather at your designated meeting place.
  • Never go back into a burning building.

If Clothing Catches on Fire

  • Stop. Running fans the flames, making fire burn faster.
  • Shout for help. Do not run for help.
  • Drop to the floor and cover your face.
  • Roll back and forth to put out flames.
  • Cool a burn with cool water.

Smoke is Deadly

  • Each year, fires and burns kill hundreds of children and permanently scar thousands, yet more fire victims die from the smoke than flames. Smoke can overwhelm a child or adult in minutes.
  • Protect your family by installing smoke detectors outside all sleeping areas and on every level of your home.
  • Test them monthly, following manufacturers' instructions. Change batteries at least once a year -- even if they are still working. Caution: never remove batteries for use in toys, a flashlight, or radio.
  • Teach your children about smoke detectors. Let them help test the detectors, so they recognize the alarm. Follow up by practicing your escape route.

Matches and Children Do Not Mix

  • Matches and lighters are tools for adults; they are not toys.
  • Children who play with matches or lighters can be badly burned and can hurt others.
  • Teach children that if they find matches, they should tell an adult the location right away.