Is Your Number Up?
Do you have a number on the front of your house? Can the number be seen easily from the street during the day and night? This is very important in case the driver of a fire truck or ambulance needs to find your house quickly. House numbers can be purchased at a low cost from a hardware store.
Facts About Fires
- Real fires are fast. In a few minutes your whole house could be on fire.
- Real fires are hot. Temperatures can be more than 600 degrees.
- Real fires are dark. You won't be able to breathe and you can't see anything.
- Real fires are dangerous. No matter how small. If you see a fire, get out and get help.
Home Fire Safety
- Plan at least two escape routes from your home and two ways to get out of every room
- Agree on an outside meeting place
- Decide who will take charge of each child
- Practice the escape routes during fire drills (Practice escapes at night. That's when most deadly fires occur.)
- Show children who live in high-rise buildings the shortest route to a safe exit
- Warn children not to use the elevator
In a Fire
- Get out fast, seconds count. Phone for help from a neighbor's home, not from inside a burning building.
- Cover your mouth and nose.
- Crawl low under the smoke to the nearest exit.
- Test the door. If it is hot or there is smoke, use another way out.
- Once out, stay out. There's nothing more important in your home than you. If someone is missing, tell a firefighter.
- Gather at your designated meeting place.
- Never go back into a burning building.
If Clothing Catches on Fire
- Stop. Running fans the flames, making fire burn faster.
- Shout for help. Do not run for help.
- Drop to the floor and cover your face.
- Roll back and forth to put out flames.
- Cool a burn with cool water.
Smoke is Deadly
- Each year, fires and burns kill hundreds of children and permanently scar thousands, yet more fire victims die from the smoke than flames. Smoke can overwhelm a child or adult in minutes.
- Protect your family by installing smoke detectors outside all sleeping areas and on every level of your home.
- Test them monthly, following manufacturers' instructions. Change batteries at least once a year -- even if they are still working. Caution: never remove batteries for use in toys, a flashlight, or radio.
- Teach your children about smoke detectors. Let them help test the detectors, so they recognize the alarm. Follow up by practicing your escape route.
Matches and Children Do Not Mix
- Matches and lighters are tools for adults; they are not toys.
- Children who play with matches or lighters can be badly burned and can hurt others.
- Teach children that if they find matches, they should tell an adult the location right away.